Field Frame Friday: What’s in a song?

The calls of the yellow-rumped cacique (cacicus cela) are significant in social contexts. For example, males counter-sing to establish the dominance hierarchy, songs can be used in territory defense or agonisitic encounters, as well as alarms to predators and to initiate flock cohesion.

[Photo by Grace Davis and caption by Maggie Creamer]

Reference

Corwin, P. (2012). Yellow-rumped Cacique (Cacicus cela), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.yercac1.01

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