Did you know that dairy calves perform a wide variety of oral behaviors? In this photo, you can see the calf beginning to stick her tongue out, right before she performs a tongue flicking behavior. These behaviors have been previously associated with coping with stress and can indicate frustration! Current work in the dairy industry seeks to understand when and why these animals perform these behaviors.
[Photo and caption by Isabelle McDonald-Gilmartin]
Roberts, J. (1997). Understanding cow behavior. The Bovine Practitioner, pp. 104-107. https://doi.org/10.21423/bovine-vol1997no31.2p104-107
[Edited by Maggie Creamer]